Negritude Agonistes is the story of a word and where scholars thought it came from.  Negritude was used for the first time in one of the many insignificant student newspapers in 1935 Paris.  In l’Etudiant Noir, Aimé Césaire uses that word – the black self – against the Communists' call to the French colonies in Africa and the Caribbean to rise up under their banner.  Césaire brings forth the term Négritude to argue in favor of "Racial Consciousness" against the Communists’ incitement to “Social Revolution.”  When he renounced his membership in the Communist Party in 1956, he wrote his famous Letter to Maurice Thorez in exactly along the same lines, a repetition of his 1935 Racial Consciousness and Social Revolution article in l’Etudiant Noir.


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